RL Glossary

S
Decorative form, carved or applied, in the shape of an S, either continuous or broken. Used as corner and apron ornament in Baroque and Rococo styles.

Sabot
Metal shoe fitting bottom of a cabriole leg.

Sags
Excessive flow, causing runs or sagging in paint film during application. Usually caused by applying too heavy a coat of paint or thinning too much.

Sash Brush
Long-handled brush used for reaching into corners, painting on narrow surfaces and cutting-in around sash and trim.

Satin
Mercerized cotton fabric of satin weave.

Satinwood
(India, Ceylon, Australia) Light orange wood with beautiful feathered figure. Often used for veneer inlays and cabinet work.

Scroll
A spiral or convoluted line used for ornamentation.

Scrubability
The ability of paint to withstand scrubbing and cleaning with water, soap and other household cleaning agents.

Scrubbable
A wallcovering which may be cleaned with a soft bristle brush and mild detergent. Ralph Lauren wallpapers are not scrubbable.

Sealer
A thin liquid applied to seal a surface to prevent previous paint from bleeding through from the surface, or to prevent undue absorption of the topcoat into the surface.

Secondary Colors
Colors formed by mixing together two primary colors. They are orange, green and purple.

Seeds
Small, undesirable particles or granules other than dust found in paint, varnish or lacquer.

Selvage
The edge of a wallpaper or fabric which remains unprinted and is eventually trimmed off.

Semainier
MAINIER (French) Tall narrow chest with six or seven drawers, planned for supply of personal linen for each day of the week.

Semi-Gloss
Highly reflective sheen that works wells for highlighting details, such as trim and decorative molding.

Serpentine
Front of a commode, desk or bureau shaped in a waving curve.

Set-up
When paint has dried so that it is firm and is said to have 'set-up.'

Settee
A long ornately carved 17th century seat or bench with a high back and often with arms.

Settling
Paint separation in which pigments and other solids accumulate at the bottom of the container.

Sheen
The degree of luster of a dried paint film.

Shellac
ellac - Derived from a resinous substance called Lac. Used as a sealer and finish for floors, for sealing knots and other purposes.

Shield
A chair back shaped like a shield.

Sideboard
A dining room piece, with a long flat top and superstructure, equipped with drawers.

Silk
Soft, natural thread obtained by unraveling the cocoons of Japanese silk worms.

Single
A length of wallpaper traditionally used as the basis of pricing in American wallpapers. Single rolls of Ralph Lauren wallpaper are 5 yards (4.6 meters) long by either 20-1/2" (52CM), 25-1/4" (64CM) or, 27" (68.6CM) wide.

Size
Sealer used to prepare the wall for better adhesion before wallcovering is applied.

Skin
Tough covering that forms on paints if container is not tightly closed.

Sleigh
American version of the Empire bed, the scrolled ends slightly reminiscent of sleigh fronts.

Sofa
Long upholstered seat for two or more persons.

Solvent
he volatile part of paint composition that evaporates during drying.

Spackling Compound
A material used as a crack filler for preparation surfaces before painting.

Spade
A rectangular shaped tapered foot resembling a spade.

Spatter
Small particles or drips of liquid paint thrown or expelled when applying paint.

Spot Priming
A method for protecting localized spots. The only areas primed are those that require additional protection due to rusting or peeling of the former coat.

Spraying
A method of application in which the coating material is broken up into a fine mist that is directed onto the surface being coated.

Spread Rate
See Practical Coverage.

Spreading Rate
The area to which paint can be spread; usually expressed as square feet per gallon.

Stain
A solution or suspension of coloring matter in a vehicle designed primarily to be applied to create color effects rather than to form a protective coating. A transparent or semi-opaque coating that colors without completely obscuring the grain of the surface.

Standard
The model for a given pattern and colorway which has been approved by the design studio and to which all future production runs of the same pattern and colorway must conform.

Stippler
A brush applicator used for creating stippling patterns for faux finishing effects. Used to apply the Ralph Lauren Antiqued Leather Technique.

Stippling
A finish made by using a stippling brush or roller stippler on a newly painted surface before the paint is dry.

Streaking
The irregular occurrence of lines or streaks of various lengths and colors in an applied film.

Stretcher
Crosspieces or rungs connecting legs of chairs, tables, etc.

Strip
A length of wallcovering cut to fit a height of wall.

Strippable
A wallcovering which can be completely removed from the wall without steaming or scraping. All Ralph Lauren wallpapers are strippable.

Substrate
The surface to be painted.